2: Engineering the ‘Miracle of the ENIAC’: Implementing the Modern Code Paradigm


Building on plans developed by Adele Goldstine and others, in April  1948, Nick Metropolis completed the conversion of ENIAC to the style of programming first described in John von Neumann’s 1947 “First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC,” making ENIAC the first computer to execute programs written in the new style. This article documents the conversion process and compares the 1948 ENIAC’s capabilities to those of the first modern computers.

Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley & Crispin Rope, “Engineering ‘The Miracle of the ENIAC’: Implementing the Modern Code Paradigm” IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 36:2 (April-June 2014):41-59.

Supporting Sources


Making and Remaking the Modern Computer